Our expert judges spend a week comparing vehicles in the best way anyone can evaluate competitors: back to back. Judges take each car on identical routes to uncover the little idiosyncrasies that can sometimes determine the difference between a winner and a loser.
Our judges’ opinions account for a large portion of determining a contestant’s score, but depending on the class, we also include objective scoring in the form of car-seat fitment, cargo room, safety features and driver-assistance technology. Below is how we scored contenders in the Minivan Challenge. Each vehicle is evaluated as equipped and priced; our results cannot represent model lineups as a whole.
Legroom, headroom and knee room are all considered when determining front-seat comfort. So is whether the cushioning is comfortable and if the seat can be adjusted appropriately. Features we look for include heated, ventilated or massaging seats, and the extent of controls and memory functions for both sides.
Along with dimensions, second-row comfort is determined by cushioning, support and whether there’s a large center floor hump that could crowd foot room, as well as whether it’s easy to get in and out of. Second-row feature considerations include whether the seats recline or slide, fold flat and if it has adjustable air vents, cupholders, storage, rear climate controls and heated or ventilated rear seats.
Evaluating the third row includes determining access past the second-row seats (either bench seat or captain’s chairs) as well as comfort by looking at knee position, headroom and cushioning. Features are also a consideration, such as cupholders, USB ports, climate control vents and whether there are storage cubbies.
This category covers the many ways a driver controls the vehicle — beyond the steering wheel and pedals. What we used to call a “multimedia” system now frequently takes on some responsibility for controlling vehicle features that have nothing to do with audio and smartphones, so we’re avoiding categorizing the touchscreen that way. Judges consider ease of use for all controls — how logically grouped, visible and reachable they are. They also scrutinize the size and usability of touchscreens and their menus and navigation, head-up displays and virtual gauges, including display quality, responsiveness, supporting controls and how drivers configure and interact with these various systems, be it buttons on the steering wheel, dashboard or center console, or via voice control.
In this category, we account for the different types of media supported, from CDs and Bluetooth to built-in streaming audio services, as well as video capabilities, front and rear. We note the presence or absence of Apple CarPlay, Android Auto, Amazon Alexa and similar systems, and how well they’re integrated and function. We also judge based on the inclusion of Wi-Fi, near-field communication and wireless smartphone charging, and record the number of USB ports and 120-volt household-style outlets.
Interior quality considerations include whether the vehicle seems appropriately appointed, rating the appearance and feel of the surfaces, and overall craftsmanship. Judges note if the materials are well made and authentic or a cheap imitation. Another consideration is whether the quality drops from the front to rear seats.
Family-friendly features include niceties like a rear entertainment system that nowadays can be much more than just a DVD player, with functionality that could include a streaming multimedia platform with games, apps and interactivity between dual rear screens. Also in this bucket are in-car vacuums, backseat camera monitoring systems and voice projection to reach rear passengers.
As the size of our smartphones and other mobile devices grow, it’s important to have the space to accommodate them. We evaluate those and other storage options in the cabin, including open and covered storage, and if there are enough cupholders and a sunglasses holder.
Considerations for visibility include whether roof pillars or low roofs obstruct forward visibility, as well as if there are large blind spots to the side or rear. We look for features that can improve visibility, such as large side mirrors, rear head restraints that flip down, manual or remote flip-downs, and a full-time rearview camera mirror.
The powertrain score always reflects how well the engine and transmission work together. Judges look for whether there’s enough acceleration from a stop or for passing, if the transmission upshifts smoothly or downshifts without too much delay, and if the engine is smooth and refined or rough and unsophisticated. Challenge judges also gauge each contestant’s acceleration versus the others.
Though we performed no formal stopping-distance tests, judges rate how strong and confidence-inspiring the brakes feel, how much pedal pressure is required and how linear the braking force is. Vehicles with mushy pedal feel or braking that is hard to modulate are scored lower.
Considerations for ride quality include how it contributes to the vehicle’s comfort level. Judges evaluate whether the ride is too firm, too soft, if it feels controlled over bumps and if it’s stable on rough roads.
Judges drive the car on the same route to determine how well each car corners, determining if it rolls (i.e., leans) as well as whether it feels planted and confident or uneasy, requiring too much effort to drive cleanly through a corner. Steering and all-wheel-drive execution also play a part.
Judges gauge how much wind, road, engine and external noise enter the cabin during all circumstances, including highway driving and acceleration.
Judges determine if each test vehicle is worth the retail price as equipped. Considerations apart from the other categories scored include warranties, free maintenance, and standard and optional features not otherwise accounted for.
The safety component is scored by the number and complexity of safety features equipped on the test vehicle. These include forward collision warning, forward automatic emergency braking (low versus high speed), reverse automatic emergency braking, lane departure warning (with steering or braking assist), blind spot warning, dynamic lines for the backup camera, 360-degree camera systems, rear cross-traffic detection, parking sensors, automatic high beams and adaptive, pivoting headlights.
It’s now the norm to have semi-autonomous technology available in even the most affordable class of modern cars. We give points for lane-centering steering, whether it works at high or low speeds, and whether it allows you to drive hands-free (few do). Adaptive cruise control points increase when there’s low-and-high-speed operation, as well as if the car can hold itself at a complete stop (some brakes release after a short time versus holding the car indefinitely).
We’ve reported how provided cargo specs can lie and how cargo storage is much more than a cubic footage number. When judging cargo room, we conduct our own measurements and also consider how usable the space is, how easy it is to load and retrieve objects, if there’s usable underfloor space and if the shape of the vehicle or angle of its liftgate limits utility. We account for associated features, such as whether the backseat can slide forward and back and/or fold to extend the cargo space, if there’s a power liftgate and cargo-area releases for the folding backseat.
Automotiveng staff includes certified car seat installers who test the fitment of various child-safety seats in our test cars. You can find more information on how we install and test child-safety seats in our Car Seat Check section